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Zum Auffrischen und Schmunzeln . . .

. . . sind diese Museums-Seiten hier gedacht, denn viele wissen nicht mehr oder noch nicht, wie es damals angefangen hat und wie das wirklich funktioniert mit den Tonband- und den Magnetbandgeräten aus alter Zeit. Viele Bilder können Sie durch Anklicken vergrößern, auch dieses.

Die Magnetband Historie aus amerikanischer Sicht (aus dem Jahr 1986) für den Bereich 1893-1960


  • 1893 First magnetic recorder, Valdemar Poulsen's Telegraphon
  • 1920 First proposal for a magnetic coating on tape
  • 1927 Rtcheouloff patent application
  • 1931 First magnetic tape created at I.G. Farben
  • 1932 Handbuch der Bildtelegraphie und des Fernsehens describes helical and transverse videotape recording schemes of Dr. Fritz Schroeter
  • 1945 "Liberation" of the Magnetophone audiotape recorder from Berlin
  • 1948 Ampex introduces the Model 200, the first successful American audiotape recorder
  • 1951 Armour Research demonstrates crude VTR for Ampex executives
    Ampex research program begins
    First Bing Crosby demonstration
  • 1952 Second Bing Crosby demonstration
    First in-house Ampex demonstration
    BBC research program begins
  • 1953 Ray Dolby (THE Dolby), key member of the Ampex team, drafted by Army
    German patent application for 2-head helical recorder by Eduard Schueller
    Toshiba begins work on VTR-1 helical VTR
    GE demonstrates longitudinal video recorder (LVR)
    RCA demonstrates color LVR
  • 1955 First FM recorded pictures viewed in-house at Ampex
    Army releases Dolby (he contributed to the VTR by mail while in service)
  • 1956 Ampex markets first VTR, 2" transverse-scan, quadruplex
    First program broadcast from tape, Douglas Edwards and the News
    13 VTRs in the field at the end of the year 1957
    First VTR remote trucks
    First tape interchange between VTRs
    First quad color demonstration (RCA)
    Mechanical videotape editing begins
  • 1958 SMPTE forms Video Tape Recording Committee to establish standards
    BBC airs program from VERA (vision electronic recording apparatus) LVR
    CBS airs The Red Mill, first full length program edited on videotape (over 100 splices)
  • 1959 Ampex introduces Intersync for first synchronizable playback VTR
    GE proposes thermoplastic, rather than magnetic recording
  • 1960 First time base corrector introduced
    Ampex keeps a helical VTR (VR-8000) hidden at NAB just in case a competitor unveils one; no one does 
    951 VTRs in the field at the end of the year



  • 1961 First direct color VTR (a VTR that would record the NTSC composite signal without having to separate color from black & white detail)
    JVC 770 helical recorder begins the long list of incompatible helical formats that will be introduced
    Ampex takes orders for helical VTRs, then decides it's not ready
    RCA and Sony both introduce all transistor VTRs
    Ampex introduces electronic editing
  • 1962 Ampex Editec allows frame-by-frame animation on a VTR
    Machtronics introduces helical VTR with low tape consumption
  • 1964 Sony PV-100 VTR installed on American Airlines and Pan Am aircraft
    Ampex introduces high-band color, the last significantly accepted change in quadruplex recording
  • 1965 Sony introduces the 1/2" CV-2000, the first "consumer" VTR format
    RCA introduces the first quadruplex random access cartridge machine
    Precision Instrument introduces Variscan for continuously variable playback speed
  • 1966 Westel introduces conical scanning
  • 1967 IVC introduces its 1" helical recorders
    Ampex introduces a backpack quadruplex recorder, the VR-3000
    Sony introduces the CV-2400, the first 1/2" Porta-Pack, and spawns the first generation of video freaks
    CBS announces electronic video recording (EVR) on a film cartridge
  • 1969 RCA announces Selectavision Holotape, a holographic videotape recorder
    EIAJ standards for 1/2" video recording bring order to the chaos of the educational and industrial VTR marketplace
  • 1971 Sony introduces the 3/4" U-matic videocassette recorder
    SMPTE time code makes computer-assisted editing (CMX 300) possible
  • 1972 First proposal for a digital VTR
  • 1973 Ampex begins research on the moving heads that will make broadcastable slow-motion and still frames possible
    IVC introduces the 9000 2" segmented helical scan recorder
  • 1974 Sony demonstrates magnetic video card recording and calls the system Mavica, a name that will see more Sony use in the future
    BASF announces : will introduce a consumer LVR
  • 1975 Sony introduces the Betamax SL-6300, the first consumer VTR format that lasts, perhaps because of advertising that refers to "time-shifting"
    Bosch introduces new familie, what will become the Type B VTR, the BCN
  • 1976 Ampex perfects the moving head principle for variable tracking
    JVC introduces the Video Home System (VHS) format, which follows the success of the Betamax with enough capacity (2 hours) for a movie
    Britain's Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA) demonstrates the first digitally recorded videotape pictures (half-size) on an IVC-9000
  • 1977 ABC and CBS circulate a "white paper" at the Winter SMPTE Television Engineering Conference that sparks standardization of the Type C format
    Television Research International introduces Tri-Chroma, a scheme for recording component (color and detail separate) rather than composite signals
  • 1978 IBA demonstrates full-size digitally recorded pictures
  • 1979 Ampex, Bosch, and Sony all demonstrate digital VTR prototypes
    Toshiba demonstrates a consumer LVR as BASF opens its LVR plant
    Longest playing NTSC 1/2" consumer speeds (Beta III and VHS EP) introduced




  • 1981 SMPTE and EBU conduct digital video tests; the result is the digital component video recommendation that forms the basis of the D-1 recorder
    RCA and Panasonic jointly unveil what will be known as the Type M component color recorder, using VHS cassettes;
    Sony shows its version, Betacam, in a hospitality suite at NAB
    these devices, which include cameras, are dubbed "camcorders" by David Lachenbruch of Television Digest
  • 1982 122 companies begin working out standardization of an 8 mm consumer VTR
    Hitachi and Bosch introduce 1/4" component recorders based on the CVC (Funai/Technicolor) cassette
    IVC introduces the first full-bandwidth RGB recorder
  • 1983 Last NAB show with a quadruplex VTR exhibit
  • 1984 Sony introduces Betacart, a Betacam-based alternative to quadruplex carts; Asaca and Panasonic show other alternatives
    ABC's Olympics coverage uses Super Slo-Mo, Sony's Super Motion Video System, which records 90 frames per second on a Type C - compatible tape
    JVC markets VHS-C, small cassettes containing VHS - compatible tape
  • 1985 Sony markets SuperBeta, a compatible improvement to the Betamax format, and an "HDVS" recorder for 1,125-scanning-line high definition pictures
    Panasonic introduces the M II format, based on 1/2" metal tape
  • 1986 Alpha Video & Electronics begins to market a direct color 3/4" VCR
    Ampex introduces the ACR-225 composite digital 3/4" VCR
    Sony unveils the first D-1 recorder on the NAB exhibit floor and markets 3/4" U-matic SP improvements
    Hitachi introduces 8 mm cassettes as a professional camcorder medium.



Wie oben gesagt, das war der "Wissens-Stand" von einigen amerkanischen Medien in 1986.


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